Enna’s roots go back to the
Neolithic Age; evidence of the remote origins is provided by a collective
tomb discovered at the Guardiola cave district. Over the centuries,
its name successively changed to Henna, the Roman Castrum Hennae
and Arab Qasar Yannah. It was conquered by the Greeks in the 7th
century BC who would establish the worship of the goddess Ceres
– his sanctuary still visible nearby the Lombardia castle.
They brought about a urban development with the erection of many
buildings and the city-walls. After a short occupation by the Syracusans,
in 258 BC Enna was taken by the Romans. Agriculture soon flourished,
Enna becoming a major grain producer, exported to the entire Island.
The Arabs and then the Normans (1087) conquered the city, the latter
modifying its road and defensive systems with the erection of two
castles meant to protect against threats of attacks. A remarkable
demographic growth was recorded in the following centuries.
Villa Romana Del Casale
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